There are also realpolitik political motivations behind the spread of decentralization. Fragmentation of politics in many countries has meant that political parties find it difficult to build national coalitions necessary for electoral success at the national level. Decentralization creates additional opportunities for forming governments which political parties find easier to target.
Instead of resisting decentralization, some central governments have actually promoted it because devolution of responsibilities reduces the scope for being blamed for policy failures. The enthusiasm for decentralization has remained steadfast despite the availability of a large volume of highly sceptical findings since the s. Cambridge, MA Channa, A.
Going local : decentralization, democratization, and the promise of good governance
Cohen , S. Methodological issues in the analysis of decentralization. Cambridge S. Esteban-Laleona , P. A review of the empirical literature about the relationship between fiscal decentralization and economic growth.
Fler böcker av Merilee S Grindle
The architecture of government: Rethinking political decentralization. New York E. Madison in Baghdad? Decentralization and federalism in comparative politics.
Annual Review of Political Science. Many studies have highlighted logical flaws in the case for decentralization while others have found no or little empirical evidence that it has improved outcomes. Some studies challenge the basic theoretical assumptions leading to the conclusion that decentralization promotes efficiency and improves governance Wibbels, E. Citizens and investors do not often know which level of government delivers a particular service to take advantage of cross-jurisdictional variations. Pepinsky , M.
Decentralization and economic performance in Indonesia.
Journal of East Asian Studies. Rodden , S. Does federalism preserve markets? Virginia Law Review.
Going Local: Decentralization, Democratization, and the Promise of Good Governance
Decentralization and accountability in infrastructure delivery in developing countries. Economics Journal. Campos , J. Governance gone local: Does decentralization improve accountability? White , P. East Asia decentralizes: Making local government work in Asia.
Washington DC — New York. It is just as likely that local elites will capture the local government to advance their own interests, something easier to accomplish at the local rather than national level. Furthermore, the lack of clear division of authority between different levels of government may weaken rather than strengthen accountability, compromise performance and undermine efficiency due to the diseconomy of scale inherent to decentralization Treisman, D.
Monitoring corruption: Evidence from a field experiment in Indonesia. Peters , J. Steering from the centre: Strengthening Political control in western democracies. Steering from the centre: Strengthening political control in western democracies. Empirical studies on decentralization are no more encouraging than those assessing the logic and theory underlying the concept.
There are many empirical studies in the case study mode, qualitatively or quantitatively examining the effects of decentralization. By definition, case studies suffer from limited potential to establish causality and yield generalizable conclusions. There are also numerous cross-national quantitative comparisons to ascertain the effects of decentralization.
Going Local: Decentralization, Democratization, and the Promise of Good Governance - ProQuest
The findings of comparative studies are contradictory, depending on the countries covered and analytical methods employed, but are largely negative about the effects of decentralization. As far back as the early s, Rondinelli, Cheema, and Nellis D. Rondinelli , G. Cheema , J.
Decentralization in developing countries: A review of recent experience. The political economy of democratic decentralization. Decentralization and rural development: A review of evidence. Washington, DC: Manuscript.. Fiscal decentralization in developing countries: A review of current concepts and practice. More recently, Daniel Treisman D. Similarly, Fan, Lin, and Treisman C.
Fan , C. Lin , D. Political decentralization and corruption: Evidence from around the world. Journal of Public Economics. Decentralization has also been shown to increase income inequality in developing countries, as better governed and endowed regions prosper while the rest fall further behind Lessmann, C. Regional inequality and decentralization: An empirical analysis. Environment and Planning A. Similarly, Sacchi and Salotti Sacchi, A.
The effects of fiscal decentralization on household income inequality: Some empirical evidence.
Fiscal decentralization and economic growth in the oecd, macroeconomics research group, discussion papers 7, University of Queensland, Brisbane St. Decentralization and economic growth revisited: An empirical note. Journal of Urban Economic.
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Elsevier, Amsterdam. Economic Bulletin. Springerlink, New York. A key insight offered by some such studies is that decentralization is most successful when it is pursued to a moderate degree Esteban-Laleona et al. Based on a large-scale study, Sepulveda and Martinez-Vazquez C. Sepulveda , J. The consequences of fiscal decentralization on poverty and income equality. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy.
These contradictory but largely negative findings lead Robinson , p. Introduction: Decentralising service delivery? Evidence and policy implications. IDS Bulletin. Evidence of sustained improvement is very slight and is usually highly context specific, with improved outcomes resulting from a combination of locally supportive conditions. As Ahmad et al. Ahmad , S.